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General Information

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Object Name: Vogelherd (Human Remains Assemblage)

Overall number of bone and teeth: 7

MNI: 5

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Bibliography

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  • [Riek 1937]
  • [Gieseler 1937]
  • [Conard, Grootes, Smith 2004]
  • [Churchill, Smith 2000]
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Files attached

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Outgoing Links

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Human Remain:

  • [HR: Vogelherd 1 (no cultural attribution, from site: Site: Vogelherd (Germany, cave))]
  • [HR: Vogelherd 2 (no cultural attribution, from site: Site: Vogelherd (Germany, cave))]
  • [HR: Vogelherd 3 (no cultural attribution, from site: Site: Vogelherd (Germany, cave))]
  • [HR: Vogelherd 4 (no cultural attribution, from site: Site: Vogelherd (Germany, cave))]
  • [HR: Vogelherd 5 (no cultural attribution, from site: Site: Vogelherd (Germany, cave))]
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Additional Information

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general information

From the Aurignacian layers V and IV, several human bone finds were reported (Riek 1934; Gieseler 1937; Churchill, Smith 2000). Until recently, these "human specimens from the Vogelherd cave came to be viewed as the best evidence for an association between modern humans and early Aurignacian finds." (Conard, Grootes, Smith 2004: 198)
But new series of radiocarbon dating showed, that the human skeletal remains were intrusive burials from the Neolithic. (see below)
"Riek and Gieseler reported well-preserved bones of modern humans, including a cranium and mandible (Stetten 1 (...)), a humerus (Stetten 3), two vertebrae (Stetten 4), a metacarpus (Stetten 5) from the base of the lower Aurignacian of AH V, and a cranium (Stetten 2) from the top of the upper Aurignacian of AH IV. With exception of the humerus, which was recovered near the central part of the cave, and the Stetten 2 cranium, recovered near the southern entrance, the other finds were recovered near the southwest entrance. Riek was present on July 22 1931 when the Stetten 1 cranium was recovered, and described the provenance of this and the other fossils in great detail. His description of the stratigraphic position of the human remains is unambiguous and provides no indication that the finds might have been intrusive." (Conard, Grootes, Smith 2004: 199)
"Thus human skeletal remains from Vogelherd constituted key evidence that modern humans produced these Aurignacian assemblages and by association the Aurignacian in general. (...) Direct radiocarbon dating was needed to confirm or refute the age attributed to the human skeletal remains on the basis of archaeological associations." (Conard, Grootes, Smith 2004: 199)
"All collagen samples provided unexpectedly young, mid-holocene ages." (Conard, Grootes, Smith 2004: 199)
[see attached file]
"The six AMS radiocarbon dates (...)show that all of the Vogelherd human skeletal remains are irrelevant to discussions on the origin of modern Europeans." (Conard, Grootes, Smith 2004: 200)

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