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Name

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Object Name: Le Moustier 1

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Taxon

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Taxon: neanderthal

Taxon bibliography:

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Sex

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Sex: male

Sex bibliography:

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Age Group

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Age group: subadult (below 20)

Age group bibliography:

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Bibliography

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Multimedia Files

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Outgoing Links

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Human Remain:

Archaeological Feature:

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Morphometrics

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Additional Information

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Site: [Le Moustier]
Excavation: [Le Moustier 1907-1909]
Layer: [Layer J]
Repository: [Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte]
Discovered: 1908
Discoverer: [Otto Hauser]

Age

The dental status indicates an age of 15.5 years, but unfinished fusion of ossification centres suggests an age of only 10.5 years. According to Thompson et al. (2003: 70-71) this might indicate a differences in growth to modern humans.

Preservation

The postcranial skeleton has largely been destroyed during the Second World War. The original preservation was apart from the vertebral column and the pelvis good.
The cranium shows several defects due to the repeated excavation by Hauser, taphonomic processes, several preparation works, transportation during the Second World War and afterwards as well as a fire. Obviously, the left and right zygomatic and the frontal process of the maxilla have been lost.

The cranial remains that are still preserved (Thompson, Bilsborough 1997):

  • frontal
  • parietals
  • temporals
  • occipitals
  • fragments of the sphenoid
  • fragments of the basicranium
  • maxillae (alveoli damaged by preparation works)
  • mandible
  • fragments of the "tabula interna", probably of the zygomatic and the orbital roof

The postcranial remains included originally (e.g. Herrmann 1977: 132-133):

  • several vertebrae, especially lumbar and thoracic vertebrae
  • fragments of at least 3 ribs
  • the intact left clavicle
  • fragment of the right scapula
  • fragmentary right ilium and ischium
  • right humerus
  • shaft fragment of the left humerus
  • right ulna and radius (probably only shaft fragments)
  • shaft fragments of the left ulna and radius
  • 2-4 carpals, 6 metacarpals and phalanges
  • right and left patella
  • left tibia
  • shaft fragments of the right and left fibula
  • one talus
  • metatarsals, one hallux bone and additional foot bones

Today only the following postcranial remains are preserved:

  • shaft fragments of the left and right femur

Dating

According to the first record of the excavation, the old surface was positioned 70.05 m above sea level. The absolute height of the skull of Le Moustier 1 was 69,59 m, so 46 below the surface. Bordes (1959) and Vandermeersch (1965) concluded that the skeleton can only come from the layer J or from a layer that includes typical Mousterian.
The burial of Le Moustier 1 should be, therefore, although within layer H, belong to layer J, in which also the burial of [Le Moustier 2] has been found later and which has been dated by TL and ESR to 40 000 - 42 000 BP (Mellars, Grün 1991: 274).

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