General Information

Name: Ochtendung 1

Synonym Name(s): Wanni, Ochtendung Neanderthal Calotte; Ochtendung Schädel

First Description: Condemi 1997

Repository: Abt. Archäologische Denkmalpflege Koblenz, Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Rheinland-Pfalz

Property Status: Landesamt für Denkmalpflege, Amt Koblenz

Copyright Holder(s): Axel von Berg

Curator(s): Axel von Berg

Cultural Attribution:

Geochronological Attribution:


Taxon / Sex / Age Group

Taxon: Neanderthal

Sex: Male

Age Group: adult (20y or more)




Pathology / Preservation


Pathology Bibliography: Condemi 1997

Preserved Skeletal Party: cranium/cranial fragment

Laterality: unpaired

Polarity: unknown

Preservation: fragmentary

Preservation Details: Three fragments of Ossa parietalia and Os frontale. Could be refitted.

Human Activity: polished

Carnivore Activity: polished


Age Determination

Dating Abstract: Based on absolute dating (Amino-Acid-Isoleucine) in combination with geological dating it can be securely placed into the early stage of the second last Ice Age, the Saale-Glaciation, at about 160 000 to 170 000 years B.P. (Flohr, Protsch & Berg 2004: 2).

Dating Association: Associated absolute dating

Dating Analysis: Ochtendung 1997, Fra Cal-A a-21




X Coordinate:

Y Coordinate:

Z Coordinate:



Linked Files / Pages

Data Type:

Collection Item(s):

Bibliography: Condemi 1997

Multimedia Files:
6F Ochtendung 1
STL Ochtendung 1

Linked Pages: Germany - Neanderthal



Additional Content

Metrics (formerly Measures):
- 16cm by 15cm (direct measurements)
- max. length sagitally on the preserved portion: 173mm
- estimation max. width: more than 155mm
- bone thickness: bregmatic point 12mm; frontal median point 10.7mm; close to the left parietal tuber 11.5mm

Features used for taxon determination: comparative-morphological analysis
Features used for sex determination: comparative-morphological analysis, based on the thickness of the skull. Supported by the clearly recognizable course of the transverse contour through bregma.
Features used for age determination: sutures to a large degree closed ("middle aged adult, (...), between 30 and 45 years old")
Features used for pathology determination: persisting frontal suture (metopism)
Traces of human activities/manipulation:
- number of straight lines aligned in parallel rows on the surface (artificial???)
- some tracks at the borderline of the calotte: reworked as a tool?
- rounded edges in the lateral area
- evidence and traces of usage, probably as a punching or striking tool

General chronological information: "It is one of the few Neanderthal discoveries in Gemany that is stratigraphically clearly documented." (Flohr, Protsch & Berg 2004: 2).



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