General Information

Name: Ochtendung 5 - faunal assemblage

Overall Number of Objects: 1 116

First Description: Justus 2000


Property Status:

Copyright Holder(s):

Curator(s): Axel von Berg

Cultural Attribution: no cultural attribution

Geochronological Attribution:


Age Determination

Dating Abstract: With geological dating probably early stage of the second last Ice Age, the Saale-Glaciation.

Dating Association: Relative Dating

Dating Analysis:



Large Mammals

Overall Number of Bones and Teeth: 299

MNI: 16


Small Mammals

Overall Number of Bones and Teeth: 299



Other Animals

Overall Number of Bones and Teeth:




Evidence of Human or Carnivore Activity

Human Activity: breaks

Carnivore Activity: Yes


Linked Files / Pages

Collection Item(s):

Bibliography: Justus 2000

Multimedia Files:

Linked Pages:



Additional Content

The faunal assemblage contains 1 116 remains. Determination was difficult due to sediment congregations on the bone surfaces, which made preparation almost impossible. 299 bone fragments could be specified: horse, Equus sp. (n=133); rhinoceros, Coelodonta antiquitatis (n=94), and red deer, Cervus elaphus (n=61). They belong to several individuals. One to four bone fragments each belong to adult animals of the following species: lion, Panthera leo speleaus (also 1 senile indiv.), elephant (Mammutus sp.), bovine (Bos/Bison sp.), and chamois (Rupicarpa sp.).
The horse remains belong to juvenile (MNI=3) and adult (MNI=4) individuals. Among the juvenile animals there was one newborn and one less than 18 month. Carnivore bite marks and gnawing is rare, but spiral breaking of diaphyses could be observed. Parts of cranium and torso were found in articulation, while bones from the extremities were scattered through the excavated area.
Rhinoceros bones revealed juvenile (MNI=3) and adult (MNI=3) individuals. Juvenile animals are represented almost exclusively through cranial parts (jaws), and the adult animals mainly through ribs and vertebrae. Parts of the latter lay in anatomical connection, while cranial parts and extremities were scattered through the excavated area.
Remains from red deer (bones and antler) originate from juvenile (MNI=1) and adult (MNI=2) individuals. There are mostly cranial remains. One adult antler derived from a killed animal (schädelecht). There are no observable repartition patterns.
Three stone artefacts prove human presence at he site. Single bone remains from single species may represent carnivore ingestion. Horse remains show two different patterns. One individual was found in anatomical connection (natural death), while the remains of the other individuals were clearly selected (human action). Whether juvenile animals have been hunted by human or carnivores could not be determined.



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