General Information

Name: Ochtendung - layer 5

Sediment: Archaeological layer 5 corresponds to geological layer V. Loess with high proportion of lava detritus.

Cultural Attribution: unknown

Geochronological Attribution:


Age Determination

Dating Abstract: With geological dating probably early stage of the second last Ice Age, the Saale-Glaciation.

Dating Association:

Dating Analysis:


Linked Files / Pages

Collection Item(s):

Bibliography: Justus 2000

Multimedia Files:

Linked Pages:



Additional Content

Layer up to 60cm thickness to the centre of the mould. Loess with high proportion of lava detritus, mainly at the eastern border. Archaeological horizon starts 10cm below the top edge of the layer. Three stone artefacts prove human presence at he site. Single bone remains from single species may represent carnivore ingestion. Horse remains show two different patterns. One individual was found in anatomical connection (natural death), while the remains of the other individuals were clearly selected (human action). Whether juvenile animals have been hunted by human or carnivores could not be determined.
The adult rhinoceros skeletal parts show no selection patterns, while the juvenile animals are represented through cranial parts. Parts of red deer show selection, diaphyses have been intentionally fragmented.
The archaeological layer proves repeated human presence with use of horse, rhinoceros and red deer pray. Intentional local hunting and use of naturally deceased animals are possible.