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General Information

Name: Ochtendung 2-3 - lithic assemblage

Overall Number of Objects:

First Description: Justus 2000

Repository: Abt. Archäologische Denkmalpflege Koblenz, Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Rheinland-Pfalz

Property Status:

Copyright Holder(s):

Curator(s): Axel von Berg

Cultural Attribution:

Geochronological Attribution:


Age Determination

Dating Abstract: With geological dating probably early stage of the second last Ice Age, the Saale-Glaciation.

Dating Association: Relative Dating

Dating Analysis:


Technological Concept


Linked Files / Pages

Collection Item(s):

Bibliography: Justus 2000

Multimedia Files:

Linked Pages:



Additional Content

Most artefacts of the excavation (762 of totally 844) are in layer 2/3. All lithic artefact groups, and the whole spectrum of raw materials are represented. Local and imported raw materials occur together. The composition of raw materials characterises this archaeological layer different from the other layers. All types of stone artefacts - modified and unmodified; with and without cortex - are present (pebbles, cores, flakes, chips, and angular debris).
Raw materials cover the whole spectrum. This is quartz (n=662), Devon. quartzite (n=49), flint (n=18), Tert. quartzite (n=18), siliceous slate (n=14) and chalcedony (n=1). The origin of raw materials is mostly local, except of West European flint (distance about 100km west). West European flint has been imported as unique tools (e.g. a slightly asymmetric point and a convergent scraper; Justus 2000: Abb. 16, 1-8). Quartz has been worked at the site.
All phases of artefact production are represented (cores, hammerstones, flakes with and without cortex, and angular debris). Tools have been worked on transparent, crystalline material. Unmodified flakes are on poorer raw material, which means a qualitative selection. Tools must have been exported from the site after occupation. On the other hand there are imported tools.
Quartzite: Cores and flakes from the initial phase of core reduction. This makes local artefact production evident. Red-coloured Devonic quartzite seem to have been worked at an other location. Artefacts are unique, there are no cores. Pale-coloured Devonic quartzite shows few distinct unities for one core, few flakes, and few artefacts. Flakes and angular debris out of Tertiary quartzite reveal no evidence for local production. This is also the case for siliceous slate (1 core) and chalcedony (1 flake).