General Information

Name: Ochtendung - layer 1

Sediment: 1m thick package of pale-yellow, homogeneous loess, with clearly defined Alleroed soil at the top, overlaid by pumice from the Laacher-See eruption. At the base 2 narrow lapilli bands. Loess probably from the last glaciation.

Cultural Attribution:

Geochronological Attribution:


Age Determination

Dating Abstract: Loess probably from the last glaciation. Overlaid by Alleroed soil, and by pumice from the Laacher-See eruption.

Dating Association:

Dating Analysis:


Linked Files / Pages

Collection Item(s):

Bibliography: Justus 2000

Multimedia Files:

Linked Pages:



Additional Content

The archaeological finds were located at the base of the layer. They concentrated in the eastern part of the excavation, and consist in few stone artefacts and animal bones, which are spatially separated and show no interrelationships.
Stone artefacts are 3 pebbles with negatives (quartz and quartzite), 6 unmodified flakes, chips and angular debris (quartz and quartzite), and only 1 retouched flake (siliceous slate). Typo-chronological attribution is not possible (see Ochtendung 1 - lithic assemblage).
The poor bone preservation shows that the finds remained uncovered for a longer period before sedimentation. Few bones and fragments could be specified:
- horse, Equus sp. (n=22),
- rhinoceros, Coeldonta antiquitatis (n=1),
- red deer, Cervus elaphus (n=1),
and reindeer, Rangifer tarandus (n=3).
Mainly adult animals could be determined, and only 1 juvenile horse (see Ochtendung 1986-1990, Layer 1, fauna assemblage).
Stone artefacts indicate short-term occupation without possible typo-chronological attribution. Stone artefacts and bones without observable interrelation.