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General Information

Type: Neumark-Nord 6.1 - organic remains

Synonym: Object with hafting tanning substrat

First Description:


Property Status:

Copyright Holder(s):


Cultural Attribution: Middle Palaeolithic

Geochronological Attribution:



Classification: Use traces (incl. hafting)

Other Classification:

Raw Material: Stone

Preservation: fragmentary

Additional Preservation:


Age Determination

Dating Abstract:

Dating Association: Relative Dating

Dating Analysis:




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Linked Files / Pages

Collection Item(s):

Bibliography: Mania 2004c

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Additional Content

Features used for the subtype determination: Light grey flint blade with a very sharp edge. On both sides of the artefact, in a distance of only 15mm a brownish decoloration is visible. On both sides on this decoloration an organic remain is adhered on the terminal end.

Typological Identification: Simple blade used for tanning activities?

Function: "The analysis of the organic matter executed by gas-chromotography yielded neither pitch, glue nor putty, but a concentration of oak bark substance with tanning agents dectected in it. It can be produced by oak bark being chopped into pieces and soaked. Thus, tanning agents can be extraced. The residue on the blade may have formed by accumulating on the blade. It had intruded into the narrow cracks situated between the grip and the inserted flint blade when used during work." (Mania 2004b: 294)

Interpretation: "A sharp flint blade deriving from such a pile of elephant bones reveals organic remnants indicating that it was shafted. This find is one of the oldest sure proofs of interlectual and cultural capacities of early man: planned behaviour, transformation of an abstract preplannes picture into a final product with the help of different technical processes and raw material." (Mania 2004b: 294)



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