General Information

Name: Neandertal - NN 47

Synonym Name(s):

First Description:

Repository: Neanderthal Museum

Property Status:

Copyright Holder(s): Gerd-Christian Weniger

Curator(s): Bärbel Auffermann

Cultural Attribution:

Geochronological Attribution:


Taxon / Sex / Age Group

Taxon: Neanderthal

Sex: Undefined

Age Group: adult (20y or more)




Pathology / Preservation


Pathology Bibliography:

Preserved Skeletal Party: postcranial fragment humerus

Laterality: right

Polarity: -

Preservation: fragmentary

Preservation Details: part of right proximal humeral shaft

Human Activity: no signs

Carnivore Activity: no


Age Determination

Dating Abstract:

Dating Association: Relative Dating

Dating Analysis:




X Coordinate:

Y Coordinate:

Z Coordinate:



Linked Files / Pages

Data Type: CT scan

Collection Item(s):

Bibliography: Schmitz & Thissen 2000; Schmitz 2003; Smith et al. 2006

Multimedia Files:
CT Neandertal - NN 47
STL Neandertal - NN 47

Linked Pages: Germany - Neanderthal



Additional Content

NN 47 is lateral piece (dorsal view) with maximum dimensions 55.4mm (proximal-distal) x 12mm.
NN 1, NN 2, NN 3, NN 47 represent proximal section of right humeral diaphysis, approximately 108mm long (proximal-distal).
- From ventral perspective it is preserved from swelling marking the area just below the lesser tubercle to a level slightly proximal to mid-shaft; laterally the inferior extent of specimen is just below the level where deltoid tuberosity merges with the crest of the greater tubercle
- Most prominent morphological feature is pronounced tubercle (10.4mm in breadth) corresponding to the superior attachment of M. pectoralis major. Tubercle continues inferiorly as well-developed rugosity to inferior break.
- Medial to tubercle and crest is a broad shallow extension of an intertubercular groove (proximal breadth 11.4mm) separating them from crest of lesser tubercle with rugose attachment for insertion of M. latissimus dorsi.
- Intersertion area for M. teres major on lesser trochanter crest is also marked by distinct rugosity.
- Because Neanderthal 1 has complete right humerus, NN 1, NN 2, NN 3 and NN 47 must represent the presence of a second individual. Compared to Neanderthal 1 this specimen seems smaller and less robust, but maximum shaft diameters are identical and development of pectoralis major tuberosity are very similar.
- Because specimen does not preserve any epiphyseal areas, it is not possible to be certain that specimen is an adult, but development of muscular insertions and its comparable shaft size to Neanderthal 1 strongly suggest adult status.



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