General Information

Name: Neanderthal - NN 33

Synonym Name(s):

First Description:

Repository: Neanderthal Museum

Property Status:

Copyright Holder(s): Gerd-Christian Weniger

Curator(s): Bärbel Auffermann

Cultural Attribution:

Geochronological Attribution:


Taxon / Sex / Age Group

Taxon: Neanderthal

Sex: Undefined

Age Group: adult (20y or more)




Pathology / Preservation


Pathology Bibliography:

Preserved Skeletal Party: molar M3

Laterality: left

Polarity: upper

Preservation: complete

Preservation Details: Maxillary left permanent third molar; it preserves a complete crown and both buccal roots, but lingual root is missing.

Human Activity: no signs

Carnivore Activity: no


Age Determination

Dating Abstract:

Dating Association: Relative Dating

Dating Analysis:




X Coordinate:

Y Coordinate:

Z Coordinate:



Linked Files / Pages

Data Type:

Collection Item(s):

Bibliography: Schmitz & Thissen 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000; Schmitz 2003; Smith et al. 2006

Multimedia Files:
CT Neandertal - NN 33
STL Neandertal - NN 33
6F Neanderthal NN 33

Linked Pages: Germany - Neanderthal



Additional Content

Crown size and lack of distal wear facet indicate that it is a third molar. Diameter: 10.5mm (mesiodistal) and 12.7mm (buccolingual). Mesial interproximal facet is 6.4mm (buccolingual direction); it conforms closely to distal facet of NN 16 suggesting the two teeth may derive from the same individual.
Wear pattern is comparable with wear pattern of NN 16, NN 51 and NN 31 - there is a possibility that all of these dental elements derive from a single individual. Buccal roots strongly inclined distally, but less compacted than NN 16 or NN 31. Occlusal surface exhibits moderate wear lingually, but no dentin exposure on any cups; dentin is observable under remaining enamel on lingual aspect. Hypocone is well developed. Two crown irregularities: small pit on lingual surface of hypocone; dental hypoplasia feature extending across buccal surface. Most of mesial surface of crown proximal to wear facet is covered with medium/moderate layer of calculus.



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