General Information

Name: Neanderthal - NN 16

Synonym Name(s):

First Description:

Repository: Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn

Property Status:

Copyright Holder(s):


Cultural Attribution:

Geochronological Attribution:


Taxon / Sex / Age Group

Taxon: Neanderthal

Sex: Undefined

Age Group: adult (20y or more)




Pathology / Preservation


Pathology Bibliography:

Preserved Skeletal Party: molar M2

Laterality: left

Polarity: upper

Preservation: complete

Preservation Details: Maxillary left permanent second molar; tooth is complete including two buccal and one lingual roots. Postmortem damage: crack that runs mesiodistally across lingual cusps.

Human Activity:

Carnivore Activity:


Age Determination

Dating Abstract:

Dating Association: Relative Dating

Dating Analysis:




X Coordinate:

Y Coordinate:

Z Coordinate:



Linked Files / Pages

Data Type:

Collection Items(s):

Bibliography: Schmitz et al. 2002; Smith et al. 2006

Multimedia Files:
CT Neandertal - NN 16
STL Neandertal - NN 16

Linked Pages: Germany - Neanderthal



Additional Content

Diameter: 13.3mm (buccolingual) and 10.7mm (mesiodistal).
Occlusal surface of tooth characterized by moderately heavy wear, resulting in dentin exposures for paracone, hypocone and protocone. Wear pattern is comparable with wear pattern of NN 51, NN 33 and NN 31 - there is a possibility that all of these dental elements derive from a single individual. Mesial surface of tooth shows a 7mm long, buccal-lingual, slightly concave mesial interproximal facet; distal facet is straight (5.9mm in buccolingual direction).
Mesial interproximal facet of NN 33 conforms closely to distal facet of NN 16 suggesting the two teeth may derive from the same individual.
Roots strongly inclined distally, particularly buccally; two buccal roots compacted together. No evidence of taurodontism.



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